# Instructional Resources

### Series Info

**Episodes:** 27

**Length:** 30 min.

**Grade Levels:**

5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

**Subjects:**

Mathematics and Technology

**Resources:**

Video on Demand

Web Resources

**CC**

## NASA Connect

NASA Connect links the national mathematics and science standards to aeronautics and demonstrates the application of the standards through electronic fieldtrips by satellite and the Internet to the NASA workplace. Programs include a lesson, focus questions, a hands-on student activity and a comprehensive web-based component.

### Episode Guide

**1.**
**Measurement, Ratios, and Graphing: 3, 2, 1…. Crash!** — Crashing planes, skidding tires, and blasting water, NASA engineers work to improve airplane performance and safety. (301) Web Resources

**2.**
**Geometry and Algebra: Glow with the Flow** — NASA aerospace engineers use scale models to see how air flows and why materials glow under wind tunnel conditions. (302) Web Resources

**3.**
**Patterns, Functions, and Algebra: Wired for Space **— NASA researchers develop new ways to propel a spacecraft already in orbit without the aid of fuel. (303) Web Resources

**4.**
**Data Analysis and Measurement: Ahead, Above the Clouds —** Predicting severe weather, tracking clouds, and monitoring pollutants in the air, NASA engineers and scientists are developing technologies to collect data that will help them better understand Earth’s climate. (304) Web Resources

**5.**
**Functions and Statistics: International Space Station: Up to Us —** Ground research + space research = true science as international researchers anticipate working together onboard the International Space Station. (305) Web Resources

**6.**
**Measurement, Ratios, and Graphing: Safety First —** NASA engineers and researchers use measurement, ratios, and graphing to maintain high levels of aviation safety and to develop new technologies to meet the growing demands — keeping you safe in tomorrow’s skies. (401) Web Resources

**7.**
**Geometry and Algebra: The Future Flight Equation — **NASA engineers and researchers use geometry and algebra to design, develop, and test tomorrow’s aircraft. (402) Web Resources

**8.**
**Data Analysis and Measurement: Having a Solar Blast — **NASA engineers and researchers use data analysis and measurement to predict solar storms, anticipate how they will affect the Earth, and improve our understanding of the Sun-Earth system. (403) Web Resources

**9.**
**Functions and Statistics: Dressed for Space —** Building on past space suit technologies, NASA engineers and researchers use functions and statistics to create the next generation of space suits for the International Space Station and beyond. (404) Web Resources

**10.**
**The Centennial of Flight Special Edition: The “Wright” Math — **In The “Wright” Math, students will learn about the evolution of flight. They will learn how the Wright Brothers became the first human beings to successfully design, construct, and fly an airplane. Students will learn the method the Wright Brothers used in designing their airplane. They will also be introduced to NASA’s Morphing Project, a radically new approach to designing aircraft of the future. They will observe NASA researchers using problem-solving techniques to design wings that will change their shape during flight. By conducting hands-on and web activities, students will make connections between NASA research and the mathematics, science, and technology they learn in their classrooms. (405) Web Resources

**11.**
**Who Added the “Micro” to Gravity? —** In Who Added the “Micro” to Gravity?, students will learn about microgravity. They will be introduced to combustion science and the importance of fire safety on the International Space Station. Students will also learn how chemistry plays an important role in microgravity research. They will observe NASA engineers and scientists using measuring, ratios, and graphing to analyze data. By conducting hands-on and web activities, students will make connections between NASA research and the mathematics, science, and technology they learn in their classrooms. (406) Web Resources

**12.**
**Special Edition: World Space Congress 2002: The New Face of Space —** The World Space Congress 2002 is the “meeting of the decade for space professionals.” From the discovery of distant planets to medical advancements, from geological exploration to urban planning, from water on Mars to energy sources in developing nations, you’ll find it all here. (407) Web Resources

**13.**
**Dancing in the Night Sky — **In Dancing in the Night Sky, students will learn about the Aurora Borealis or Northern Lights. They will learn the many legends and myths that have revolved around the aurora throughout the history of mankind. Students will also discover how NASA scientists and engineers use satellite technology to measure and analyze aurora data. They will see how Norwegian scientists apply the concepts of data analysis and measurement to study the Northern Lights by using ground-based instruments and sounding rockets. By conducting hands-on and web activities, students will make connections between NASA research and the mathematics, science, and technology they learn in their classrooms. (408) Web Resources

**14.**
**Festival of Flight Special: Opening Space for Next Generation Explorers — **In Festival of Flight Special: Opening Space for Next Generation Explorers, students will experience the dynamic skills and processes needed to design the next generation of launch vehicles. They will see how mathematics, science, and technology work together to improve human space flight, with increased safety and economy. Students will get an exciting “hands on” feel for the challenges facing the designers of tomorrow’s launch systems and a greater appreciation for the accomplishments of the past. By conducting hands-on and Instructional Technology Activity, students will make connections between NASA research and the mathematics, science, and technology they learn in their classrooms. (409) Web Resources

**15.**
**Virtual Earth —** In Virtual Earth, students will be introduced to Earth system science. They will learn what a system is and how to apply the concept of systems to learn more about how the Earth functions. Students will understand the only way to really comprehend the workings of our planet is to look at the Earth as a whole system. They will also focus on Earth science applications of national priority to expand and accelerate the use of knowledge, science, and technologies resulting from the Earth Science Enterprise mission of improving predictions in weather, climate, and natural hazards. By conducting inquiry-based and web activities, students will make connections between NASA research and the mathematics, science, and technology they learn in their classrooms. (501) Web Resources

**16.**
**Better Health from Space to Earth —** In Better Health From Space to Earth, students will learn about the importance of good nutrition and exercise. They will investigate what we can learn in space about our bodies here on Earth. Students will see how researchers and scientists apply the mathematics concepts of measurement and estimation to study the loss of calcium in bones and the loss of muscle mass while astronauts are living and working in space. By conducting inquiry-based and web activities, students will make connections between NASA research and the mathematics, science, and technology they learn in their classrooms. (502) Web Resources

**17.**
**PSA: The Astronaut’s Helper — **In PSA: The Astronaut’s Helper, students will be introduced to the Personal Satellite Assistant (PSA), a small, spherical robot that assists astronauts with their chores on space-based vehicles. Students will learn about different types of robots and the mechanical systems on the PSA that must work together for the PSA to function. In the web activity, students interact with a simulation of the PSA and learn how forces affect motion in a low-friction, microgravity environment. Students learn that scientists need to shrink the PSA, and they engage in a hands-on activity where they find the maximum surface area of a computer component that must fit into a smaller PSA. By conducting inquiry-based and web activities, students will make connections between NASA research and the mathematics, science, and technology they learn in their classrooms. (503) Web Resources

**18.**
**The Venus Transit — **In the Venus Transit, students will learn about the importance of using scale models to represent the size and distance of objects in the solar system and beyond. They will be introduced to the astronomical unit (AU), the baseline distance from the Earth to the Sun, which astronomers use to determine the relative distances from the Earth to other planets, stars, asteroids, and objects in space. They will also discover fascinating facts about the Venus Transit, a celestial and historical event, which helped astronomers determine the scale of the solar system. By conducting inquiry-based and web activities, students will make connections between NASA research and the mathematics, science, and technology they learn in their classrooms. (504) Web Resources

**19.**
**The “A” Train Express —** In The “A” Train Express, students will take a ride on the “A” Train Express. They will learn how weather affects everyone’s daily lives. Students will see national and international scientists using satellite technology to help improve weather forecasting and our understanding of aerosols and clouds. They will also be introduced to two NASA satellite Earth Science missions, CALIPSO and CloudSat. By conducting inquiry-based and web activities, students will make connections between NASA research and the mathematics, science, and technology they learn in their classrooms. (505) Web Resources

**20.**
**Good Stress: Building Better Muscles and Bones —** In NASA CONNECT™, Good Stress: Building Better Muscles and Bones, students will learn about the importance of building and maintaining better muscles and bones. They will learn that all stresses in life are not “bad.”In fact,the body needs “good”stresses,like exercise,to be healthy. Students will see how scientists and researchers collect and analyze physiological data to understand how muscle and bones are constantly changing,especially in a microgravity environment. By conducting inquiry-based and web activities,students will make connections between NASA research and the mathematics,science,and technology they learn in their classrooms. (601) Web Resources

**21.**
**Rocket to The Stars —** In Rocket to the Stars, students will learn the basic science concepts of work and energy and see how algebra can be used to help explain both concepts. NASA is working on new ways of powering spacecraft that will reduce the travel time to the Moon, Mars, and beyond. Students will be introduced to two cutting edge innovative propulsion technology programs, Prometheus and VASIMR, that will allow crewed and uncrewed vehicles to explore the distant reaches of the solar system. By conducting inquiry-based and web activities, students will make connections between NASA research and the mathematics, science, and technology they learn in their classrooms. (602) Web Resources

**22.**
**Ancient Observatories: Timeless Knowledge —** In Ancient Observatories: Timeless Knowledge, students will learn how cultures from ancient times to the present have used the Sun and other objects in the sky to mark the passage of time. They will see how archaeoastronomers use ancient observatories to predict seasons and special events. Using simple tools of geometry and the angle bisector method, students will measure the movement of the Sun and find solar noon for their location. By conducting inquiry-based and web activities, students will make connections between NASA research and the mathematics, science, and technology they learn in their classrooms. (603) Web Resources

**23.**
**Hidden Treasures: Landscape Archeology —** In NASA CONNECT™: Landscape Archaeology: Hidden Treasures, students will learn how researchers and scientists use data collected through remote sensing to study hidden features on the Earth’s surface and to discover the environmental and archaeological effects left by ancient cultures. Students will see how archaeologists use the math concepts of coordinate geometry and powerful geographic information system (GIS) software to solve current world problems by investigating clues from the past. By conducting inquiry-based and web activities, students will make connections between NASA research and the mathematics, science, and technology they learn in their classrooms. (604) Web Resources

**24.**
**The Right Ratio of Rest: Proportional Reasoning — **In NASA CONNECT™, The Right Ratio of Rest: Proportional Reasoning©, students learn about the human circadian clock and how it affects peoples’ daily lives. Students see how NASA scientists are studying the circadian timing system to improve astronaut’s physical and mental tasks while working in space. Conducting research to help astronauts sleep better in space also helps people on Earth with similar problems. The hands-on activity in this guide allows students to demonstrate how fractions, decimals, and percents are related and further develop their proportional reasoning skills. (701) Web Resources

**25.**
**Team Extreme: The Statistics of Success —** In NASA CONNECT™, Team Extreme: The Statistics of Success©, focuses on NASA’s Space Operations Mission Directorate and the teamwork required to produce a successful space mission. Students will learn about the numerous systems, skills and capabilities involved in a mission and how NASA manages and integrates these systems. Students will draw a parallel between the teamwork used in a NASA mission and find out how teamwork energizes the popular sport of auto racing. Using hands-on lessons and web-based activities, students will develop an understanding of statistical analysis and how people use statistics to make decisions. (702) Web Resources

**26.**
**Path of Totality: Measuring Angular Size and Distance —** In NASA CONNECT™, Path of Totality: Measuring Angular Size and Distance©, students learn about the natural phenomena that create a total eclipse. Students also explore the history, mythology, science, and math that relate to these amazing events. NASA scientists and engineers introduce a satellite where scientists make artificial eclipses in order to learn more about the Sun’s corona. Using hands-on lessons, web-based activities and simple tools, students will measure the angular size and predict the angular distance of objects in the sky. (703) Web Resources

**27.**
**Breaking Barriers: Solving Linear Equations — **In this episode of NASA CONNECT™, Breaking Barriers: Solving Linear Equations©, students learn about supersonic aircraft while investigating the nature of science. They look at how NASA researchers continue to modify their work as powerful machines are built that push hypersonic records to Mach 10 and beyond. NASA engineers and scientists use algebraic equations to help them build models that will fly faster, longer and higher. By conducting inquiry-based and web activities, students connect NASA research with the mathematics, science, and technology they learn in their classrooms.** **(704)** **Web Resources

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